eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. These shade-intolerant natives are renowned for their firewood properties and will self-regenerate, producing harvestable material within 10 or so years. Eucalyptus nitens - PB3/4 (50/60) - Shining Gum. Description. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. They should all have a sign around their trunks when planted that says ‘I must be harvested before I turn 5’. When I was planning my property an elderly gentleman said to me that if I was planting fruit trees, I wouldn’t need to plant firewood trees. It’s very dense, splits well, burns cleanly, but is rather slow growing. What’s left is great firewood, dense and full of energy. The juvenile stems are particularly interesting ! From pohutukawa in the lower North Island, to eucalyptus in Central Otago, here are some of the best firewood trees by region. Shining Gum.A very fast growing variety with grey-green foliage that is ideal for shelter or firewood.Hardy and tolerates frost.Evergreen growing to approximately 30m. NELSON • be at least medium density; Plant the right trees and they can do double duty, like firewood, and shelter, amenity, and/or habitat. Eric’s favourite is Acacia dealbata (silver wattle). We also use third-party cookies that help us analyze and understand how you use this website. Bruce Parker – NZ Tree Crops Association, Coastal Otago. Best firewood I know of is drooping sheoak (Allocasuarina verticillata) which they once used to drive the Murray river steamers. They have attractive timber in their own right. Grape prunings have taken the place of pine cones for a fire starter. “For those keen on oaks, there are now many species of evergreen Mexican oaks readily available. But best of all I think is Eucalyptus botrioides, but where the first four are frost-tolerant, E. botrioides is a coastal tree and prefers good drainage.  All gums must be fed and weeded or they will die. Eucalyptus saligna and E. botryoides are red-coloured eucalypt timber species commonly grown in New Zealand. It is best split when green. Dec 16, 2013 - Firewood (coppicing) trees: Eucalyptus nitens - Shining Gum - Tall, very hardy, exceptionally fast gum with excellent tolerance to humidity, frost, and dry to moist soils, but not prolonged waterlogging. They are a fascinating, beautiful, versatile, and highly evolved group of trees and our mission is to help people select the right Eucalyptus tree for … Most of my customers are a bit sceptical of Nitens when they see the young trees, as they do look unusual  As above though, they grow into exceptional trees very quickly. Eucalyptus botyroides The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. The long, thin, glossy green foliage is joined by white f lowers from January to March. So what is this multipurpose gem, originally from the Canary Islands and now naturalised in NZ since the early 1900s? 4. The sheep eat all the leaves and small twigs and chew off the tender bark. If you have an average size lifestyle block (4ha/10 acres) and don’t want to plant a forest, you still don’t need to plant out a specific firewood block. There was one exception LOL and to start with I thought it was a rough plant, but it’s definitely a Nitens  Pictured below, about ten weeks from germination ! We first started growing Eucalyptus in 2000 and, bitten by the bug, we now produce them on a much larger scale. Eucalyptus are … Buy Now. "Eucalyptus are our thing! Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. Manuka has a flaky bark which makes excellent kindling. Eucalyptus nitens, shining gum Conditions: dry-moist soils (not wet), will tolerate humidity, frost, cold temperatures Very fast-growing which puts it at risk of being blown over. • your time frames; A regime that has worked well for E. nitens being grown for veneer logs is as follows: Age 1 and 2 Form prune the most vigorous 300sph to remove double leaders and steep-angled branches. They can however be pollarded or cut down completely for logs. It doesn’t coppice but readily regenerates from its own seed. Strong healthy trees with good root growth establish quickly and will require minimal if any aftercare. The key is planting trees that do well in your region. The wood of the pohutukawa is tough and springy and makes fantastic axe or hammer handles. Hello, I am delighted to have come across your blog article. Eucalyptus firewood is known for burning very hot. Additionally, samples for DNA comparison were taken from the truck: slice of wood from E. nitens tree (EN219) and stem still attached to E. globulus 000829320734 tree in truck (EG2023). Puriri moth is also limiting for some species in our area, especially ash and alders. Eucalyptus nitens (shining gum) Eucalyptus nitens is a hardwood species with a pretty excellent form. Out of these, the cookies that are categorized as necessary are stored on your browser as they are essential for the working of basic functionalities of the website. NOTE they were in a poly tunnel. • the size of your block; $105.00. As a result, eucalyptus is not a wood that most homeowners would choose for a wood-burning stove used for cooking. Grant aid is available for planting Nitens, though only within 50 km of the coast. Of course, you can always throw on some citrus rind or rosemary to give a more powerful scent if you prefer. Contact Us  / Newsletter / Advertise With Us  / Subscribe, Signs your chickens might have gapeworm PLUS how to treat it, How this Whāngārei mum’s brand Cadenshae became a global leader in maternity activewear, 5 common egg imperfections and what they say about your chickens. The awakening of dormant buds at leaf and branch nodes. The redwoods and cryptomeria seem more resistant to wind damage, and of course, redwood is another excellent coppicing species. “If you want a predominantly deciduous woodlot, you can include Japanese or hybrid larch which has a splash of autumn and winter colour, cones for kindling and is light enough underneath in winter to support bluebells and daffodils. Eucalyptus nitens Myrtaceae (Deane et Maiden) Maiden ECOLOGY E. nitens occurs in the hills and valleys in mountain areas, sometimes as small pure stands and often forming part of a mosaic of Eucalyptus species. Poly Pots are made from polythene, which is easily recycled ♻️ Ditto A. decurrens. Eucalyptus nitens Shining gum is a fast growing and large Australian tree introduced to New Zealand as a fast growing coppicing tree suitable for firewood and timber. Quick view ... Brown Barrel / Eucalyptus Fastigata - 25 Seeds! “I would have a range of species and include Eucalyptus microcorys (healthier roots) plus E. meulleriana, E. macrorhyncha, (stringy barks), E. fastigata (healthy everywhere although not ground durable), and perhaps E. bosistoana (durable and hard). E. nitens. Plump kereru browse its lush foliage on a frosty winter’s day, hanging heavily in the branches. It tends to die out with root rot after about 10 years but produces excellent resinous firewood after 3-4 years, and the pigeons, tui, and bellbirds love it.”, AUCKLAND – NORTH According to the research I have done, expect to start harvesting firewood in about 7 to 10 years. Denis Hockings – farm forester, Bulls. Tolerates most soils except extremely wet or dry. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. The Eucalyptus nitens plantation was just over 4 years old and the trees are 12m in height already! very fast growth, has extraordinary vigour when grown in clays or moist loams, ... timber, firewood, honey production, p.. $1.80 . “If you have animals to feed, tagasaste makes both great drought forage and fuelwood although for firewood, it is best not to prune it. This website uses cookies to improve your experience while you navigate through the website. Large blue-green juvenile foliage matures to longer, darker leaves. It has a pleasant perfume, is not palatable to stock, and makes a special honey. The tallest self-seeded sapling is 4.5m at two years of age. Here are our favourites: John: Acacia melanoxylon 2. They should: Necessary cookies are absolutely essential for the website to function properly. Acacia mearnsii or black wattle is good firewood, and its copious spring flowers provide pollen for bees, but it may become a weed problem. These cookies do not store any personal information. On the other hand, it tolerates harsh, dry, exposed sites, and male trees are attractive in the autumn. I’d avoid the weedy species like sycamore and black wattle, and exotic ‘bird food’ berry species which are invariably weedy (eg cherry, holly, berberis, cotoneaster, eleagnus, hawthorn). The acacias would provide nitrogen and leaf litter to help breakdown the eucalypt leaves and bark and are capable of growing under a eucalypt canopy. Eucalyptus viminalis and Eucalyptus fastigata both grow nearly as fast, coppice well, get fewer pest attacks, and if you get the odd straight one you can grow it for 30 years and get valuable durable timber. The timber produced by eucalyptus fastigata is gorgeous, making it a suitable choice for furniture. Oh, and pohutukawa honey is the best. We can’t agree on which firewood we like to use in our wood stove but we can definitely agree on what we wouldn’t plant again: gums! Busy bees and bellbirds flit between its flowers in the summer. Advantages: propagated from poles for free, very even, straight, quick growth, easy to fell, split and stack, coppicing allows harvest every three years, dries quickly and borer doesn’t seem to attack the stored wood, very easy to mulch the branchlets, foliage good as stock food. Buy Now. The heart timber is red to red-brown, high density, hard, ... E. nitens (shining gum) is slightly harder and denser again. Noted for their ability to withstand strong winds makes them ideal as shelter. However, some are finding that around 40% of the cut stumps fail to regenerate. Any pieces not suitable for woodworking are fantastic firewood, and the rest makes great mulch. Acacias can also be good early spring pollen for bees. The oils in the wood along with the ability to create an intense flame has led some wood stove distributers or chimney sweeps to recommend not burning the wood. Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. Once the temperature eased back to the high 20°C to low 30°C they started growing again. As you can see from the photo above, and below, Nitens grow straight and if planted in a close pattern and then thinned out will produce branch free trunks, with only the canopy of lush leaves. It tolerates cool wet conditions but absolutely thrives in hot dry conditions too. He says the best species for any block, anywhere in NZ, depends on five factors: It has smooth greyish bark, sometimes with thin, rough bark near the base, lance-shaped adult leaves, flower buds in groups of seven or nine, white flowers and cup-shaped, barrel-shaped or cylindrical fruit. The wood burns very hot – and the leaves very hot – creating long lasting embers and little ash. Ian Stewart – NZ Tree Crops Association, Central Otago. We cut big branches of tagasaste in late winter and early spring as nourishing fodder for ewes during lambing. Uses and applications. “First, I would not plant radiata pine. “I haven’t included chestnut (too prone to root rot), robinia or elm (serious suckering and weed potential), and sycamore or cherry (which seed far too freely) even though they all have excellent timbers. “I would plant coppicing species, but also some that don’t easily regenerate. I am ready to harvest my first lot any time now. Dept of Agriculture Forest Service. Both are great multi-use trees and yield dense hot firewood. This species of eucalyptus is evergreen and hardy. In its natural habitat, the climate is cool to warm, or humid to subhumid, with the mild summers rarely having very high temperatures. Starting in the late 19th to early 20th century trials of Eucalyptus trees were planted with varying degrees of success. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. SWP research is focusing on the potential to improve the solid wood properties of E. nitens, enhancing its potential value for growers. There are some drawbacks, however. Eucalyptus have a much higher density than willow or poplar so these will produce longer burning logs and complement the other species well. The ones we planted have become an embarrassment as they grew like triffids before we got around to harvesting them and now they are too big to fell safely. The metre stick is against the trunk, 4m from ground level. Ideal for flooring-type uses, and has excellent pulping and … Interestingly the year I started my Eucalyptus business, 2018 which was exceptionally hot ! Then there are oaks, alders, poplars and willows, walnut, hazel, and honey locust that would also do well. Manuka is not a tall tree so it’s easy to fell and it is not difficult to cut the slash from the firewood. Why not occupy some of the understorey space with advance regeneration of a cypress such as a Leyland hybrid or C. ovensii. Disadvantages: Borer will attack barked areas when stored creating dusty/dirty firewood, too many suckers after harvesting can be a problem. This tree self-sows, establishes and grows quickly, and copes with drought, frost, cold, wet and acidic conditions. Is Eucalyptus Good Firewood Yes. The sap is very thin and if weathered outside for a season the wood is ready for burning. They burn really well and have desirable timber so they are worth pruning up. Timber is very hard and durable with a beautiful creamy-yellow colour. (Fast Growing Timber) $4.00. Evidence now that it’s not as tolerant to coastal situations as first thought. • your local climate; tree is very hardy and grows rapidly in any reasonable soil. Is very susceptible to sawfly, ophilemus and leaf lerp although some bio-control is now available with parasites. boglizard uses cookies I'll assume you're ok with this if you continue to use this site, but you can opt-out if you wish. I planted a crop of eucalyptus trees 18 years ago for firewood (sugar gum mainly). I prefer A. mearnsii or black wattle, but it does have weed potential, it’s very fast-growing. There are numerous species available and Eucalyptus nitens has the most eye catching yields – a trial planted in Kent by John Purse of Prima Bio yielded over 150 oven dry tonnes in eight years. COASTAL OTAGO However, both of these trees take many years to be mature for cutting. Eucalyptus Nitens are a suitable Eucalyptus for costal areas. I can’t find much to disagree on with Eric Cairns. If you have a hectare or two of trees for forestry or horticulture, you won’t need to plant much specifically for firewood. Peter Syms – NZ Tree Crops Association, Nelson. When burning it will pop and spark a lot. Eucalyptus nitens… Furniture, joinery, sliced veneer, benchtops, flooring, laminated beams, decking. Eucalyptus Trees growing in Ireland. Manuka (Leptospermum scoparium) is another good choice. I am currently looking into best practices; for example, best time of year for regrowth purposes and I am looking into production of eucalyptus oil. These cookies will be stored in your browser only with your consent. Any cookies that may not be particularly necessary for the website to function and is used specifically to collect user personal data via analytics, ads, other embedded contents are termed as non-necessary cookies. When cut for firewood, even finger-thickness branches are worth keeping for the firewood pile. It has f laky white/grey or yellow bark shedding in long ribbons with a smooth under layer. They coppice well and this is strongly recommended unless you have access to a large chainsaw and a log splitter. . These would be planted in mid to late spring at approximately 2m centres (ex-rootrainer stock). “For wetter soils, there is nothing wrong with poplar. It’s nitrogen-fixing, with fast growth, and excellent shelter. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. My advice is to grow different eucalyptus. The product photo shows the growth of a Eucalyptus Nitens about 15 months old. Browse and purchase our Eucalyptus nitens and other products online or instore at Southern Woods. Eucalyptus: Doubts, Creeds, Myths, Facts e Realities Part 02: The opinion of the "favorable interested parties" As I have already said in the past edition of the Eucalyptus Newsletter, the Eucalyptus trees are able to bring emotions that travel from the most pure love and admiration to the most warm positions against their planting. Eucalyptus nitens, commonly known as shining gum or silvertop, is a species of tall tree native to Victoria and eastern New South Wales. If I was nervous about future log size, they might all be felled before getting too large. “There is a lot of light under a thinned eucalypt canopy. Hard to believe that the trees in the photo below are only fifteen years old Again they are from the Southern Hemisphere Farm Forestry New Zealand though New Zealand does have similar climatic conditions to Ireland. “I read all the coppicing articles and planted scores of different timber species 20-25 years ago, so am now well qualified to give advice!”. Its form is desirable, with a straight bole up to two-thirds the height of the tree. In a small woodlot, it’s a liability as a saw log unless you mill it yourself. An impressive stand of Eucalyptus nitens. It is mandatory to procure user consent prior to running these cookies on your website. Eucalyptus nitens is grown as a commercial plantation species in cool temperate regions around the world, including Tasmania, New Zealand, South Africa and Chile. Subsequently, wood transverse slices from the seized eucalyptus logs morphologically identified as being E. globulus and E. nitens found in the trucks were collected for dendrochronology comparison. “It grows much faster than its cousin Acacia melanoxylon, has similar density, attractive flowers in spring, and the birds don’t spread the seed. Tagasaste (Chamaecytisus palmensis, also known as tree lucerne). It’s a toss-up between tree lucerne (Chamaecytisus palmensis, tagasaste) and pohutukawa. So you know eucalyptus is good. Advantages: mostly splits easily, nitrogen-fixing properties, good leaf litter properties, coppices well, hot firewood. Buy Now. WAIKATO Most of the above-mentioned species will coppice quite well. We are a international supplier of New Zealand Native & Exotic Tree & Shrub seed, NZ Native Ornamental Grasses, Tussocks & Smaller Plant seeds Do not plant any eucalypts within 30m of food plants, eg your vegetable gardens, as their roots go a long way. Half the timescale of Ash. • burn cleanly. “We have some winter frosts, north-facing slopes, 1500mm annual rainfall, heavy clay soils, are subject to rare easterly turbulence but no salt burn. Unthrifty by age 20 at low altitude in warmer districts, but yields a lot of firewood. To grow fine timber trees, these should be close planted and then progressively thinned out (hence the fuelwood) to at least 10-12m spacings. But opting out of some of these cookies may affect your browsing experience. • grow fast; The pictures show our last original tree, recently felled. I would suggest a mix of low-density wood for kindling and starting fires and high-density wood for slower burning and more heat. And I still like E. saligna, it is a great coppicer, has red, moderately durable timber and is fairly shade-tolerant. And oak is one of the most sought after firewoods. Eucalyptus Nitens grown in Ireland for firewood and biomass. The downside of this particular species is that it is one of the least hardy. Both it and Eucalyptus ovata, the swamp gum, grow in quite moist soil (but not West Coast pakihi) and tolerate a -8°C frost, and while their firewood is good, the timber isn’t, and E. nitens doesn’t coppice all that reliably. • be moderately wind firm; Eric Cairns has dedicated his life to growing trees. Our lifestyle block is above the valley between Queenstown and Arrowtown, near Coronet Peak, so we get cold winters, warm summers, and around 600mm annual rainfall. eucalyptus ovata - swamp gum. “The eucalypts would be thinned after 5-8 years to around 8m centres, and I’d retain the best trees for vineyard posts or landscaping timber (as sawn timber starting after 15-20 years). Amongst the fastest growing of the Eucalypts. • be hardy; Twenty years ago we planted 30 Eucalyptus nitens, dividing them between the flat and the hill above. It’s not that flash as firewood, quickly gets out of hand, and – should I be desperate – it is readily available from commercial forests (with a permit). The best way to recycle poly pots is to reuse them ! Wendy Evans – Wellington/Horowhenua Tree Crops Association. Excellent shelter and firewood species. WELLINGTON – HOROWHENUA Root pathogens that might affect eucalypts probably won’t attack the cypresses, although the cypresses can be vulnerable to windthrow (where tree are uprooted or broken by high winds) and I’ve had a patch of mine topple in an easterly storm. Those on the flat were killed by frost the first winter but those on the hill have provided excellent firewood and the older trees have self-seeded. No Reserve. Broadly conical when young, grows rapidly, cold hardy, best in regular rainfall at higher altitude. Grow Your Own Firewood A selection of our faster growing Eucalyptus species suitable for growing in different environments in the UK, chosen for their ability to produce an excellent crop of high quality fuel in a relatively short period of time; between 5-12yrs for first harvest. Here’s a video of a forest of Nitens in Southern Australia. TARANAKI-CENTRAL DISTRICTS Among the top options for denser wood, I would nominate the denser acacias. Eucalyptus nitens and Coppicing Summarised from an article by I C Boyer Shining Gum (Eucalyptus nitens) has been promoted as the tree to provide us with a perpetual firewood supply. CENTRAL OTAGO Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. add to cart. Detailing Gunnii, Nitens and Viminalis. Plant at 1667 per hectare and after 4 years you’ll be able to thin out with a good harvest. A very fast growing Eucalyptus making an excellent choice for coppicing, firewood and timber. Sheryn Deans –  tree cropper, Tirau. Age 3 to 4 Low prune the best 200sph when they are 5 to 6m tall, using a 6cm gauge, and thin out remaining stems. Colleen: Poplars (Tasman, Yunnanensis) • split easily; very fast growth, has extraordinary vigour when grown in clays or moist loams, likes really tough cl.. $1.80 Disadvantages: very greedy root system, firewood not as hot as some, but quick heat. • your ability to safely harvest; Eucalyptus has a fresh, distinctive scent that many enjoy in an open fire. However, the aroma of burning eucalyptus has also been described as "medicinal," which can alter the flavor of baked goods and other foods. Heatwise, eucalyptus is comparable to oak. The bonus is that it has very attractive timber, should you have enough large trees for milling by age 15-20.”. Eucalyptus nitens occupies the largest area of any eucalypt species in New Zealand, thanks to its suitability for high-quality pulp. You could plant it at 2-4m centres, as single species and then thin out to allow the better ones to grow fatter. “Some smaller stem size is always needed to keep low-intensity fires going so in a separate area, I’d plant some kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) or manuka (Leptospermum scoparium). The most popular firewood species planted in the deep south in recent years is Eucalyptus nitens as it coppices, can be cut in about eight years, has long straight trunks with little slash, and burns hot. Nitens do not have lignotubers, and are therefore not suited to coppicing. It was very noticeable that the Nitens grew very quickly to start with when the temperature was average in late spring, but then slowed down considerably, and more or less stopped growing when the temperature got into the mid 40°C range. • not grow too large, should you not get around to harvesting it soon enough; “I’d also interplant some acacias (eg, A. elata, A. falciformis, A. melanoxylon, A. dealbata) but not the very weedy ones. Thinning a manuka stand to about 1m spaces will ensure faster growth. Tree lucerne is quick growing and provides much-needed wind shelter and the trimmings can be fed to stock or make great compost. Also known as shinning gum because the adult trees have bright light coloured bark. The long-time Tree Crops expert planted most of his block in specialty timber trees, which means he also gets a range of beautiful firewood thanks to thinning and windfall branches. Shining gum trees can reach heights of 70m, and diameters of 1-2m at chest height. Initially these trials were wide ranging, though it was quickly established that Eucalyptus would never produce viable construction timber. Kanuka (Kunzea ericoides) is similar but taller and grows in clay. WEST COAST NEW SIZE 100 x BLUE Polypropylene Firewood SACKS PPE Bags 470mm x 810mm Start price. Small firewood forests. And the firewood from brown barrel gum produces hot and lasting fires. A fast-growing tall, straight tree. Ben Gaia – Tree Crops Association, West Coast. Fast-growing, gorgeous timber and firewood tree, coppices well after 5 years. I took his advice and since then have planted about 150 fruit, nut and fodder trees. This category only includes cookies that ensures basic functionalities and security features of the website. Growth rates of over 2m per year in ideal conditions. $105.00. My personal experience of Nitens has been that they enjoy hydration and after improving the soil with diluted milk Kefir they really started to enjoy themselves  Eucalyptus Nitens as it likes to drink, they didn’t enjoy the drought of 2018 A great tree for wet areas in Ireland, the photo below is from a mature Nitens forest in New Zealand planted in a boggy gully. So make sure your good on that (fireplace screens and that type of stuff). Nitens are generally grown as a firewood crop, though they also make grand stand alone specimen trees. As we have an open fire, no doubt this winter I will be learning which wood sparks and which burns well with the bark still on, but I am also looking forward to discovering the different smells of burning cherry, or apple, or hickory (hazelnut). The other drawback is availability. Another group I’d mention are the sheoaks, Casuarina and Allocasuarina. eucalyptus nitens - shining gum. Eucalyptus nitens (PLUG grown) Shining gum Ht 40-50m Mountains of Victoria. Eucalyptus nitens. • your soil type/s. A lot of people like Eucalyptus nitens but I find it usually grows too fast so it blows down easily. Return them to me, and I will. Some kanuka could be retained to grow to a much larger size. Buy Now. A good species for firewood as it coppices well (resprouts after cutting); also used for very fast shelter (5m in two years on fertile sites) and pulpwood.