Krista’s Medieval Herb Garden. In the early middle ages, following the fall of the Roman Empire, standard medical knowledge was based chiefly upon surviving Greek and Roman texts, preserved in monasteries and elsewhere. Medieval Medicine to treat Headache and Aching joints Head Pains were treated with sweet-smelling herbs such as rose, lavender, sage, and bay. Several of the plants in question are known today to act as stimulants, and to promote menstruation. In many cases, draughts were made up of many different herbs. 4.5 out of 5 stars 10. The Four Humours - One of the prevailing theories about disease in medieval medicine was that of the four humours. Preparation for my medieval folk medicine stall begins the day after the Abbey Medieval Festival ends. In many cases, draughts were made up of many different herbs. Medical waste is generally something to be avoided, but for archaeologists it provides a rare opportunity to show that medieval medicine wasn’t all hocus pocus. Betony [a grassland herb] was used by the medieval and Tudor apothecary as an ingredient in remedies to be taken internally for all kinds of ailments, as well as in poultices for external use, as in this case. It comes from a 'wise-woman', Morgan le Fay, rather than a doctor, and has probably been made from herbs, like most medicine of the time. We’re growing plants inspired by medieval monks across Europe with aphrodisiac, narcotic and hallucinogenic qualities and names like mandrake and deadly nightshade. However, some medievalists and scientists are now looking back to history for clues to inform the search for new antibiotics. Dioscorides on Pharmacy and Medicine (History of Science Series Book 3) John M. Riddle. In the 1350s, the average life expectancy was perhaps 30-35. Herbs were a common cure to most diseases during the Medieval period. The idea was that the body had four bodily fluids, yellow bile, black bile, blood and phlegm, and these were used to analyse the state of a person’s health. This was derived from the ancient medical works, and dominated all western medicine until the 19th century. Middle Ages Medicine to treat Stomach Pains and Sickness Stomach pains and sickness were treated with wormwood, mint, and balm. Considerable information about herbs is contained in medieval Islamic literature, where plant life is closely associated with philology, medicine and agronomy. Common diseases during this time include: epilepsy, dysentery, pneumonia, stroke, heart attack, influenza, and small pox among many others. The Ebers Papyrus , which is one of the most important medical papyri from that culture, dates to 1550 BC and covers over 700 compounds, mostly derived from plants.. Failure to secure a good harvest could be the difference between life and death. They were, after all, the only medicine they had. But, from the Dark Ages on, Europe saw little progress in medicine until the beginning of the Renaissance, when Plague, herbs, and incantations started to give way to new methods. Books of such herbal remedies were written by monks. As mentioned in an earlier blog, during this time physicians believed that the body is composed of four humors and maintaining the balance of… The Cotton MS Vitellius C III is a 1,000-year-old illustrated manual to plant pharmacology, and has now been digitized for online viewing. Traditional Chinese medicine - Traditional Chinese medicine - Herbal therapy: TCM makes use of herbs and herbal formulas to strengthen organ function and support good health. The Middle Ages was a grim time to be poorly. Based on Galen’s works, primarily, the basis of medieval medicine was the theory of humors – that the four elements of earth, water, air, and fire are linked to bodily fluids of yellow bile (fire), blood (air), phlegm (water), black bile (earth) and each “humor” was associated with color, a certain taste, a kind of temperament, and a season of the year. Some plants were used for specific disorders, while others were credited with curing multiple diseases. This herb is most often used as a diuretic and for lowering high blood pressure. Kindle Edition. Most monasteries developed herb gardens for use in the production of herbal cures, and these remained a part of folk medicine, as well as were being used by … M edicinal herbs From food to medicine, there's barely a step away, taken readily by the Medieval doctors, so powerless in the face of sickness, that no means to fight it off seemed derisive. Kindle Edition. Medieval medicine is often assumed to be full of ‘hocus pocus’: irrational magical and religious cures, bizarre potions and lotions. Herbal treatments based on plants such as sage, rue and pennyroyal were administered to women seeking to induce an abortion, often in the form of a drink. COULD IT HAVE WORKED?